What is the Kremlin?

THE world has seen regular updates from the Kremlin throughout the Ukraine-Russia war.

As a key component of Russian politics and the country's history, here is a further look into what the Kremlin is.

What is the Kremlin?

The Kremlin in the term often used for the Russian Government.

The word comes from the definition of 'fortress inside a city’.

There are many members of the Kremlin in a governmental sense, with Russian President Vladimir Putin as head.

Other key influential players underneath the Russia's president includes:

  •  Mikhail Mishustin – Prime Minister
  • Sergey Lavrov – Foreign Affairs Minister
  • Anton Vaino – Chief of the President Administration
  • Sergei Shoigu – Defense Minister
  • Anton Siluanov – Finance Minister

The Kremlin is also the name of a government building which is located in Moscow’s Red Square – but technically isn't the only one in Russia.

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Many of the major cities in the country have their own Kremlin such as Tula, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, Tobolsk and Veliky Novgorod.

The Kremlin in Russia's capital Moscow was built between 1482–1495.

It's made up of five other palaces, four cathedrals, Kremlin towers and a wall enclosing them.

It was historically used as the Tsar's residence, before the monarchy was driven out in Russia.

Part of the Kremlin is now open as a museum to the public and offers individual and group guided tours.

It has become a major tourist attraction for Russia – attracting over millions of tourists each year.

Does the Vladimir Putin live in the Kremlin?

Although, the Kremlin is the official residence of the Russian government, President Vladimir Putin does not live there full-time.

He is believed to live in Novo-Ogaryovo, which is an estate in the Moscow Oblast.

The estate has always operated as the suburban property for Russian presidents.

The main house was built in the 1950s for the former leader of the Soviet Union, Georgy Malenkov, but he was removed from power before he got any chance to use it.

Not long after, the estate was a residence for the Soviet government to welcome foreign delegations but became unused after 1991.

This was until Vladimir Putin had it renovated in 2000 – building six-metre high walls around the premises.

Although Putin doesn't own the estate, he spends so much time there that it has now been unofficially named the de facto residence of head of state.

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