Why are confederate statues being removed and where is this happening? – The Sun

CONFEDERATE statues and monuments honoring slave traders are being taken down amid worldwide anti-racism protests spurred by the death of George Floyd.

Virginia Gov Ralph Northam on Thursday ordered the removal of a statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee in Richmond.


Days after Northam's announcement, a self-admitted Ku Klux Klan leader and alleged Confederate ideologist rammed his pick-up truck into a crowd of Black Lives Matter demonstrators protesting near the statue on Sunday.

 

When were confederate statues built and why?

 

A majority of America's Confederate statues were built between the 1900s and 1920s and again in the 1950s and 1960s, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC).

Both were times of extreme racial tension – in the early 1900s, states were enacting Jim Crow laws to disenfranchise black Americans, while the civil rights movement of the early 1960s pushed back against racial discrimination.

Many southerners claim Confederate monuments are a representation of their history and were erected to honor Civil War heroes.

But experts believe the monuments were built to send a message promoting white supremacy.

"These statues were meant to create legitimate garb for white supremacy," James Grossman, executive director of the American Historical Association, told NPR.

"Why would you put a statue of Robert E. Lee or Stonewall Jackson in 1948 in Baltimore?"



How many Confederate statues are there?

 

There are 1,747 Confederate monuments or symbols that still stand around the US, according to the SPLC.

Virginia is home to 110 memorials, 13 of which are in Richmond, the SPLC says.

Since the 2015 mass shooting at Mother Emanuel church in Charleston, South Carolina, 114 Confederate symbols have been taken down.

Why are Confederate statues being removed?

 

Protests over Floyd's death in Minneapolis has refocused the country's attention on police brutality and racial injustice.

Several cities around the US took down Confederate monuments following the 2015 mass shooting of black parishioners in Charleston, South Carolina.

The momentum gained steam in 2017 following a white nationalist Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, where Heather Heyer was killed by a car that plowed through a group of counterprotesters.



When was the Civil War?

 

The Civil War began on Apr. 12, 1961 and ended on Apr. 9, 1865.

It was fought between the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of 11 states who seceded from the country in 1860 and 1861.

Northern and southern states fought because of a long-standing disagreement over slavery in the US.

Who is Edward Colston and what happened to his statue in England?

 

Edward Colston was a wealthy slave trader who worked with the Royal African Company. The RAC was responsible for shipping more enslaved men, women, and children than any other company during the transatlantic slave trade and transported roughly 150,000 people between 1672 and the early 1720s, according to TIME.

At a Black Lives Matter protest in Bristol, England, demonstrators toppled the controversial statue to the ground and rolled it into Bristol Harbour.

Activists had repeatedly called for the statue's removal amid the ongoing protests against racial injustice.




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